Changing a Tyre
If you own a car, the chances are you have had a flat tyre at one time or another. Arming yourself with the ability to change a tyre safely and effectively will help to get you back on the road in no time. It is worth practising how to change your tyre in daylight, on a dry, warm day. This way, you will find the job a lot easier to manage on a cold, wet or dark day when you get a flat.
Each car is different, so read through the owner’s manual and make yourself familiar with any important points that will help when changing a tyre. Find out if your car has specific jacking points on your car to help you raise your car safely, and also if your car has locking wheel nuts. Remember to regularly check your spare wheel has a good tread on it, and is correctly inflated.
Make sure you have everything you will need to effectively change your tyre:
- Car handbook highlighting jacking point
- Spare wheel
- Wheel nut wrench
- Locking wheel nut adaptor (if applicable)
- Something to kneel on
- High visibility jacket
The first thing you need to do is to ensure you are in a safe place to change the tyre. Try and find a car park or somewhere well away from the main flow of traffic, not on the hard shoulder of a motorway. Make sure the ground is even and sturdy – loose surfaces may cause the jack to slip.
Make sure any passengers are out of the car before you start, and never go under the car while it is up on a jack. Apply the handbrake, turn off the engine and select first gear, or P if your car is an automatic. Take the spare wheel out of the car, or remove from the carrier, and lay this down where you can easily get to it.
Pop the wheel trim off of the wheel if one is fitted. You might need a flat head screwdriver to help remove it. Attach the jack to the jacking point specified in the car handbook, raising it until the jack just begins to raise the car on its springs, and then stop.
Loosen off all of the wheel nuts, using the provided adaptor if your wheel has a locking wheel nut. Take care when loosening wheel nuts, as they may be tight. Make sure your body weight is evenly distributed, your back is straight, and that you apply pressure evenly to prevent yourself from falling. If you can safely support your upper body, you can apply even pressure by carefully using your foot on the wrench.
Raise the car so the wheel is clear of the ground, then remove the wheel nuts leaving the top one until last. Using both hands, pull the wheel off of the centre hub. Place the spare wheel on the hub, hand tightening the wheel nuts from the top, in a diagonal pattern. Lower the car so the wheel is just on the ground before tightening with the wrench, following a diagonal pattern again.
Stow away the damaged tyre, and be sure to take note of any speed restrictions on the spare tyre, especially if it is a smaller wheel. You should get the damaged tyre repaired or replaced, and swapped back on for the spare as soon as possible.
Tyres Northampton offer comprehensive tyre services for vehicles of all kinds, providing tyres from the leading brands and budget brands alike. If you would like to know more, get in touch with us today and we’ll be happy to help.